You can cut the flower spikes lower if you want to. This is how to tell the difference.
Normally on most moth orchids it will probably be light green in color but in this particular plant it s reddish.
Orchid flower spike or root. Is it a new root or even more exciting a flower spike. Aerial roots that hang from the orchid s spike or curl up and over the edges of its pot are common in phalaenopsis orchids. Now take a look at the flower spike on the right.
After all the orchid flowers have all fallen off you have 3 main options to get your phalaenopsis to flower again. While growing spikes remain green along their full length. Here is another example in this picture the spike is again bright green growing up and has the mitten shape.
Follow this link on reblooming orchids. On some orchids it can be tricky to tell the difference between a flower spike and an aerial root. Flower spikes are usually greener than roots and have a flatter mitten shaped tip.
The spike is bright green aiming upwards and has that classic mitten shape it s in the middle. Eventually a new flower spike will grow. Spikes usually emerge from between the plant s leaves not from the plant s center.
In a phalaenopsis orchid both roots and spikes are usually green when they begin to emerge which makes it that much harder to distinguish the two. As they have turned brown no new flowers will grow on those spikes. The fact that new leaves are growing is a very good indication that all is well.
About your orchids aerial roots. Your orchid is growing and developing normally. An aerial root will have a smooth tip.
If your orchid has so many roots inside the pot that it looks like they barely fit any longer you can repot into a larger pot but otherwise you can probably keep it in the same size pot. The end of an emerging flower spike will look like a closed fist with knuckle bumps. Again this is reddish in color but most will be a light green in color.
It depends on the individual orchid but most moth orchids or phalaenopsis will grow a new flower spike about once a year. Something is poking out of the base of your orchid plant. The root is growing lower and is smaller and has a dusty green white color.
Although most will only grow one new flower spike per year that spike can be in bloom for a good 3 5 months. It can be hard to tell the difference especially for orchid beginners. You can see that the root on the left is rounder and it has a uniform tip.
Orchids actually like to be fairly pot bound meaning they prefer smaller pots over a lot of extra space around the roots. I hope that helps.